OPENUP is a BASIC function to open a file for update.
|Availability||Present in BASIC II onward, and available in BASIC I as|
|Syntax||BASIC II-V|| <num-var> = |
|Token (hex)||BASIC II-V|| |
|Description||BASIC II-V|| Opens the named file for update (with OSFIND &C0), returning the
file handle or zero if the file was not found.
|Associated keywords|| |
OPENUP sets up the computer to work on an existing file. The
file's name is given as the argument; BASIC passes the name to OSFIND,
which tries to find the file on the current media, and in the current
directory where appropriate.
If OSFIND finds the file it opens it, assigns it a file handle and
returns the handle to BASIC, which returns it as the value of
OPENUP. A file handle is an integer. 0 means the file was
not found; otherwise the file handle is opaque, meaningful only to the
The file handle identifies the file while it is open, and the return value
OPENUP must be saved and passed to all file handling
statements (those whose keywords end in
#.) This is because
more than one file may be open at a time. Unlike other BASICs the MOS
assigns file handles, not the programmer.
On opening, the pointer (
PTR#) associated with the file handle is initialised to zero. All reading and writing is done at the
pointer. If the programmer intends to append to the file, then the
pointer must be set to the end of the file with
PTR#handle=EXT#handle before any writing occurs.
'Opening for update' means opening for random access reading and writing. On most filing systems opening always succeeds as long as the file is present, regardless of the file's attributes. An error only occurs on writing to a read-only file when a write operation is attempted, and on reading from a write-only file when a read operation is attempted.
See also OSFIND on this subject.
-- beardo 15:41, 21 March 2007 (UTC)