Paging in video memory

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The BBC Master, the Aries-B20 and B-32, the Integra-B and the Watford 32 RAM card have shadow screen memory. The following code (taken from HADFS[1] and HostFS[2]) will page in or out the video memory transparently using the appropriate OSBYTE call to do so.

 \ Screen selection routines
 \ =========================
 \ On entry, A=0 - select main memory
 \           A=1 - select video memory
 \ On exit,  all registers corrupted
 PHA:TAX                  :\ A=0 main RAM, A=1 video RAM
 LDA #108:JSR OSBYTE      :\ Attempt to select Master/Integra-B video RAM
 PLA:INX:BNE vramOk       :\ X<>255, successful
 EOR #1:TAX               :\ A=1 main RAM, A=0 video RAM
 LDA #111:JMP OSBYTE      :\ Attempt to select Aries/Watford video RAM

Using this code, filing system or other code can selectively access main or video memory according to the standard &FFFFxxxx, &FFFExxxx and &FFFDxxxx address ranges.

 \ Decide what local memory to transfer data to/from
 \ -------------------------------------------------
 \ On entry, DADDR+0...DADDR+3=data transfer address
 \                           A=&Fx - read (load) data
 \                           A=&Ex - write (save) data
 LDX &27A:BPL WaitTransIO     :\ No Tube
 LDX DADDR+3                  :\ Check transfer address
 INX:BNE WaitTransTube        :\ Tube present, ADDR<&FFxxxxxx
 AND #&F0:PHA                 :\ Push transfer flag with b7=1 for IO transfer
 LDX DADDR+2:INX:BEQ WaitIOGo :\ &FFFFxxxx - current IO memory
 INX:BEQ WaitIODisplay        :\ &FFFExxxx - use current display memory according to b4
 INX:BEQ WaitIOShadow         :\ &FFFDxxxx - shadow memory
 BNE WaitIOGo                 :\ Not &FFFDxxxx - use current IO memory
 TYA:BPL WaitIOGo             :\ Not shadow screen displayed
 LDA #1:JSR vramSelect        :\ Page in shadow memory
 PLA:ORA #1:PHA               :\ Set b0 for screen, page in video RAM
 \ At this point, the byte on the stack holds
 \   &E0 - load is to current memory
 \   &E1 - load is to screen memory
 \   &F0 - save is from current memory
 \   &F1 - save is from screen memory
 \ ie b7=1 - IO memory, b4=save/load, b0=main/video memory
 \ Do IO memory transfer here
 PLA:BPL WaitExitRelease      :\ Pop transfer flag, b0=0 - Tube release
 ROR A:BCS WaitExitScreen     :\ b0=1, Screen release
 JMP TubeRelChk               :\ Release Tube, return
 LDA #0:JMP vramSelect        :\ Page in main memory, return
 CLC:ADC #&10:ROL A           :\ Cy=1/0 for load/save
 LDA #0:ADC #0:PHA            :\ A=1/0 for load/save
 JSR TubeAction               :\ Claim Tube and start transfer
 \ At this point, the byte on the stack holds
 \   &1 - load is to Tube
 \   &0 - save is from Tube
 \ ie b7=0 - Tube memory
 \ Do Tube transfer here
 JMP WaitExitDone             :\ Jump to release Tube


This is untested at present, but this appears to be the equivalent code for the Electron

\ Electron screen selection routine
\ =================================
\ On entry, A=0 - select main memory
\           A=1 - select video memory
\ On exit,  A corrupted, X,Y preserved
ROR A                 :\ Move selection in bit 0 to Carry
LDA &027F:BPL vramOk  :\ No shadow RAM present
ROR A:STA &FC7F       :\ Move Carry A to bit 7, set paging flag

See also



Jgharston 22:25, 25 December 2011 (UTC) Jgharston (talk) 20:38, 3 April 2015 (UTC)