OSBYTE &00 (0) - Identify Host/Operating System
On entry, X=0 - Generate error giving host and OS type X<>0 - Return host/OS in X On exit, X=host/OS type: 0 Electron 1 BBC 2 BBC B+ 3 Master 128 4 Master ET 5 Master Compact 6 Arthur or RISC OS 7 Springboard 8 UNIX or UNIX-type system 28 Commodore 64/128 29 Texas Instruments calculator 30 Amstrad CPC 31 Sinclair ZX Spectrum >=32 IBM PC-type system (DOS, Windows, etc.)
Early documentation refers to OSBYTE 0 as returning the OS version. As more systems were developed, it became more correct to refer to it returning a value indicating the host. For example, code running on a second processor will always be told what the I/O host is regardless of what the host is and what the second processor is.
Over time the OSBYTE 0 return value has evolved to become a bitmap representing the capabilities of the host system, primarily of the file system structure.
%000x0xxxFilenames are directory.filename/extension, eg BBC, RISC OS
%000x1xxxFilenames are directory/filename.extension, eg Unix, CP/M
%nnnxxxxxFilenames are directory\filename.extension, eg DOS, Windows
This can also be represented as:
%000x0xxxDirectory seperator is
%000x1xxxDirectory seperator is
%nnnxxxxxDirectory seperator is
%000x0xxxExtension seperator is
%nnnxnxxxExtension seperator is
This allow programs to use code similar to the following:
A%=0:X%=1:os%=((USR&FFF4)AND&FF00)DIV256 d$=".":s$="/":IF(os%AND-24):d$="/":s$=".":IF(os%AND-32):d$="\" filename$=dir$+d$+name$+s$+ext$
Jgharston 22:41, 6 September 2007 (BST)