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Read character from string


 6502  On entry: On exit:
Cy undefined CC = Character valid
CS = End of string reached
A undefined Current character of string, =&0D if end of string reached
X undefined preserved
Y Offset of current character   Offset of next character
(&F2),Y the string being parsed (&F2) preserved

Returns one character at a time from a string found using GSINIT. The string may be enclosed in double quotes (") in which case spaces in the string are preserved. The string may also contain control codes and high-order characters encoded with an escape sequence.

GSREAD parses the character sequence at the position given by (&F2),Y and scans forward.

If the string began with " then a character is returned with Carry Clear unless the closing " has been reached, then Carry Set is returned with A=&0D. CR encountered before the closing " causes error &FD, Bad string.

Otherwise a character is returned with Carry Clear unless it is a CR, or a space if GSINIT was called with Carry Clear, then Carry Set is returned with A=&0D.

(&F2),Y is left pointing to the next character unless Carry Set is returned, in which case GSREAD skips any spaces following the end of the string.

While processing a command line, GSINIT returning Not Equal indicates that an argument is present. When the first call to GSREAD returns Carry Set, the flag from GSINIT distinguishes between an empty argument and no argument.

It is safe to call GSREAD at least once following GSINIT. However, after GSREAD returns Carry Set it must not be called again without an intervening GSINIT, otherwise, overshooting a closing " and reaching CR also raises a Bad string error.


The character returned by GSINIT is not necessarily the character returned by the first call to GSREAD.

Entry points

  • 6502 Entry Address: &FFC5 (I/O processor only)

Regregex (talk) 18:31, 11 January 2019 (CET)