Physical colour numbers

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Physical colour numbers are used as the short physical colour in the VDU 19 command, and used in the COLOUR and GCOL commands on platforms without a palette. The colour number is a bitmap of the colour to select. When implementing an operating system interface on other platforms this mapping must be adhered to.

Contents

Colour bitmap

   7   6   5   4   3   2   1   0
 +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+
 | L | B | E | F | I | B | G | R |
 +---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+
   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   +---Red
   |   |   |   |   |   |   +-------Green
   |   |   |   |   |   +-----------Blue
   |   |   |   |   +---------------Intense
   |   |   |   +-------------------Flash
   |   |   +-----------------------Extension
   |   +---------------------------Border
   +-------------------------------0=Foreground, 1=Background
 
 This gives:
  0 0 e f i b g r - &00+n - foreground colour
  0 1 e f i b g r - &40+n - extension
  1 0 e f i b g r - &80+n - background colour
  1 1 e f i b g r - &C0+n - border colour
 
 The BBC implements:
  l x x x f b g r - colour
          +-------- flash
 
 The ZX Spectrum implements:
  l b e f i b g r - colour
    | | | +-------- bright
    | | +---------- flash
    | +------------ change only flash/bright
    +-------------- border
 
 The Commodore implements:
  l b x f i b g r - colour
    |   | +-------- bright
    |   +---------- flash
    +-------------- border
 
 DOS/Windows implements:
  l x x f i b g r - colour
        | +-------- bright
        +---------- flash
 
 ANSI terminal implements:
  l b e f i b g r - colour
    | | | +-------- bright
    | | +---------- flash
    | +------------ underline
    +-------------- inverse

The BBC uses b3=flash, whereas all platforms other than the BBC uses b4=flash. For visual compatibility, programs could use 0-7 for non-flashing colours and 24-31 for flashing colours. On the BBC these will be flashing colours, on other platforms these will be bright flashing colours where supported.

Implementation details

Electron/BBC/Master/etc

  0+n  &00+n - foreground colour
128+n  &80+n - background colour
 
  Fore    Back                      Fore    Back
 ground  ground   Colour           ground  ground   Colour
  0 &00  128 &80  Black             8 &08  136 &88  Flashing Black
  1 &01  129 &81  Red               9 &09  137 &89  Flashing Red
  2 &02  130 &82  Green            10 &0A  138 &8A  Flashing Green
  3 &03  131 &83  Yellow           11 &0B  139 &8B  Flashing Yellow
  4 &04  132 &84  Blue             12 &0C  140 &8C  Flashing Blue
  5 &05  133 &85  Magenta          13 &0D  141 &8D  Flashing Magenta
  6 &06  134 &86  Cyan             14 &0E  142 &8E  Flashing Cyan
  7 &07  135 &87  White            15 &0F  143 &8F  Flashing White

ZX Spectrum

  0+n  &00+n  %000FIBGR - foreground colour, bright and flash
 32+n  &20+n  %001xxBGR - foreground colour, without changing flash and bright
 64+n  &40+n  %010xIxxx - bright without changing current colour
 96+n  &60+n  %011Fxxxx - flash without changing current colour
128+n  &80+n  %100FIBGR - background colour, bright and flash
160+n  &A0+n  %101xxBGR - background colour, without changing flash and bright
192+n  &C0+n  %11xxxBGR - border colour
 
  Fore    Back                               Fore    Back
 ground  ground   Border   Colour           ground  ground   Colour
  0 &00  128 &80  192 &C0  Black            16 &10  144 &90  Flashing Black
  1 &01  129 &81  193 &C1  Red              17 &11  145 &91  Flashing Red
  2 &02  130 &82  194 &C2  Green            18 &12  146 &92  Flashing Green
  3 &03  131 &83  195 &C3  Yellow           19 &13  147 &93  Flashing Yellow
  4 &04  132 &84  196 &C4  Blue             20 &14  148 &94  Flashing Blue
  5 &05  133 &85  197 &C5  Magenta          21 &15  149 &95  Flashing Magenta
  6 &06  134 &86  198 &C6  Cyan             22 &16  150 &96  Flashing Cyan
  7 &07  135 &87  199 &C7  White            23 &17  151 &97  Flashing White
  8 &08  136 &88           Bright Black     24 &18  152 &98  Flashing Bright Black
  9 &09  137 &89           Bright Red       25 &19  153 &99  Flashing Bright Red
 10 &0A  138 &8A           Bright Green     26 &1A  154 &9A  Flashing Bright Green
 11 &0B  139 &8B           Bright Yellow    27 &1B  155 &9B  Flashing Bright Yellow
 12 &0C  140 &8C           Bright Blue      28 &1C  156 &9C  Flashing Bright Blue
 13 &0D  141 &8D           Bright Magenta   29 &1D  157 &9D  Flashing Bright Magenta
 14 &0E  142 &8E           Bright Cyan      30 &1E  158 &9E  Flashing Bright Cyan
 15 &0F  143 &8F           Bright White     31 &1F  159 &9F  Flashing Bright White
 
 32 &20  160 &A0           Black, without changing flash/bright
 33 &21  161 &A1           Red, without changing flash/bright
 34 &22  162 &A2           Green, without changing flash/bright
 35 &23  163 &A3           Yellow, without changing flash/bright
 36 &24  164 &A4           Blue, without changing flash/bright
 37 &25  165 &A5           Magenta, without changing flash/bright
 38 &26  166 &A6           Cyan, without changing flash/bright
 39 &27  167 &A7           White, without changing flash/bright
 
 64 &40                    Bright off       96 &60           Flash off
 72 &48                    Bright on       112 &70           Flash on

Commodore

  0+n  &00+n - foreground colour
128+n  &80+n - background colour
192+n  &C0+n - border colour
 
  Fore    Back                               Fore    Back
 ground  ground   Border   Colour           ground  ground   Colour
  0 &00  128 &80  192 &C0  Black            16 &10  144 &90  Flashing Black
  1 &01  129 &81  193 &C1  Red              17 &11  145 &91  Flashing Red
  2 &02  130 &82  194 &C2  Green            18 &12  146 &92  Flashing Green
  3 &03  131 &83  195 &C3  Yellow           19 &13  147 &93  Flashing Yellow
  4 &04  132 &84  196 &C4  Blue             20 &14  148 &94  Flashing Blue
  5 &05  133 &85  197 &C5  Magenta          21 &15  149 &95  Flashing Magenta
  6 &06  134 &86  198 &C6  Cyan             22 &16  150 &96  Flashing Cyan
  7 &07  135 &87  199 &C7  White            23 &17  151 &97  Flashing White
  8 &08  136 &88  200 &C8  Orange           24 &18  152 &98  Flashing Orange
  9 &09  137 &89  201 &C9  Bright Red       25 &19  153 &99  Flashing Bright Red
 10 &0A  138 &8A  202 &CA  Bright Green     26 &1A  154 &9A  Flashing Bright Green
 11 &0B  139 &8B  203 &CB  Bright Grey      27 &1B  155 &9B  Flashing Bright Grey
 12 &0C  140 &8C  204 &CC  Bright Blue      28 &1C  156 &9C  Flashing Bright Blue
 13 &0D  141 &8D  205 &CD  Grey             29 &1D  157 &9D  Flashing Grey
 14 &0E  142 &8E  206 &CE  Dark Grey        30 &1E  158 &9E  Flashing Dark Grey
 15 &0F  143 &8F  207 &CF  Brown            31 &1F  159 &9F  Flashing Brown

DOS/Windows

  0+n  &00+n - foreground colour
128+n  &80+n - background colour
 
  Fore    Back                      Fore    Back
 ground  ground   Colour           ground  ground   Colour
  0 &00  128 &80  Black            16 &10  144 &90  Flashing Black
  1 &01  129 &81  Red              17 &11  145 &91  Flashing Red
  2 &02  130 &82  Green            18 &12  146 &92  Flashing Green
  3 &03  131 &83  Yellow           19 &13  147 &93  Flashing Yellow
  4 &04  132 &84  Blue             20 &14  148 &94  Flashing Blue
  5 &05  133 &85  Magenta          21 &15  149 &95  Flashing Magenta
  6 &06  134 &86  Cyan             22 &16  150 &96  Flashing Cyan
  7 &07  135 &87  White            23 &17  151 &97  Flashing White
  8 &08  136 &88  Bright Black     24 &18  152 &98  Flashing Bright Black
  9 &09  137 &89  Bright Red       25 &19  153 &99  Flashing Bright Red
 10 &0A  138 &8A  Bright Green     26 &1A  154 &9A  Flashing Bright Green
 11 &0B  139 &8B  Bright Yellow    27 &1B  155 &9B  Flashing Bright Yellow
 12 &0C  140 &8C  Bright Blue      28 &1C  156 &9C  Flashing Bright Blue
 13 &0D  141 &8D  Bright Magenta   29 &1D  157 &9D  Flashing Bright Magenta
 14 &0E  142 &8E  Bright Cyan      30 &1E  158 &9E  Flashing Bright Cyan
 15 &0F  143 &8F  Bright White     31 &1F  159 &9F  Flashing Bright White

ANSI Terminal

  0+n  &00+n - foreground colour
128+n  &80+n - background colour
 
  Fore    Back                      Fore    Back
 ground  ground   Colour           ground  ground   Colour
  0 &00  128 &80  Black            16 &10  144 &90  Flashing Black
  1 &01  129 &81  Red              17 &11  145 &91  Flashing Red
  2 &02  130 &82  Green            18 &12  146 &92  Flashing Green
  3 &03  131 &83  Yellow           19 &13  147 &93  Flashing Yellow
  4 &04  132 &84  Blue             20 &14  148 &94  Flashing Blue
  5 &05  133 &85  Magenta          21 &15  149 &95  Flashing Magenta
  6 &06  134 &86  Cyan             22 &16  150 &96  Flashing Cyan
  7 &07  135 &87  White            23 &17  151 &97  Flashing White
  8 &08  136 &88  Bright Black     24 &18  152 &98  Flashing Bright Black
  9 &09  137 &89  Bright Red       25 &19  153 &99  Flashing Bright Red
 10 &0A  138 &8A  Bright Green     26 &1A  154 &9A  Flashing Bright Green
 11 &0B  139 &8B  Bright Yellow    27 &1B  155 &9B  Flashing Bright Yellow
 12 &0C  140 &8C  Bright Blue      28 &1C  156 &9C  Flashing Bright Blue
 13 &0D  141 &8D  Bright Magenta   29 &1D  157 &9D  Flashing Bright Magenta
 14 &0E  142 &8E  Bright Cyan      30 &1E  158 &9E  Flashing Bright Cyan
 15 &0F  143 &8F  Bright White     31 &1F  159 &9F  Flashing Bright White
 
 32+n  &20+n      Underlined text
 64+n  &40+n      Inverse text

Jgharston (talk) 23:06, 16 June 2016 (UTC)