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Initialize to read a string


 6502  On entry: On exit:
Z undefined 0=String is non-empty or quoted
1=String is empty and unquoted
Cy 0=String terminates at closing ", otherwise at CR or space
1=String terminates at closing ", otherwise at CR
A undefined First character of string; =&0D if string empty and unquoted
X undefined preserved
Y Offset of first character to scan Offset of first character of string
 ?&F2 LSB of start of array preserved
 ?&F3 MSB of start of array preserved

Prepares GSREAD to read a string from a character array. The string may be enclosed in double quotes (") in which case spaces in the string are preserved. The string may also contain control codes and high-order characters encoded with an escape sequence.

GSINIT starts at the position given by (?&F2,?&F3)+Y and scans forward, incrementing Y until a character other than space or CR is found.

If the string begins with " then &22 is returned in A and (?&F2,?&F3)+Y points to the character after the ". The carry flag input to GSINIT has no effect; GSREAD will return characters until the closing " is reached. CR encountered before the closing " causes error &FD, Bad string.

Otherwise (?&F2,?&F3)+Y points to the first non-space character, which is returned in A. Z is set if this is CR, indicating an empty, unquoted string. GSREAD will return characters until CR, or also space if GSINIT was called with Cy=0, is reached.

It is safe to call GSREAD at least once following GSINIT, and repeatedly on reaching CR.


The character returned by GSINIT is not necessarily the character returned by the first call to GSREAD.

Calling from BBC BASIC

Entry points

  • 6502 Entry Address: &FFC2 (I/O processor only)

Regregex (talk) 17:53, 11 January 2019 (CET)